Research Database

Breast Cancer Risk

A 3 page research paper that offers an summary and analysis of a study that addressed breast cancer risk. Vainshtein (2008) conducted an informative study that summarized and evaluated previous research on breast cancer risk, with a focus on the role of socioeconomic status (SES). This study begins by clearly stating the problem, which is that the high incidence of breast cancer among American women. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

Coping with Breast Cancer

A 6 page research paper that consists of a literature review on studies addressing the stress and coping skills involved with having breast cancer. There is a large body of research focusing on how stress affects breast cancer and breast cancer survivors, as well as on how to help women cope with this diagnosis. This examination of this body of research demonstrates that while some studies are informative and encouraging, there is still much to be learned on this topic. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

Breast Self Examination and the Stage of Cancer Detected

This 10 page report discusses the fact that breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed non-dermatologic cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths among women in the United States. The paper focuses on developing a study that can examine the relationship between the knowledge of breast self-examination (BSE) and cancer detected through BSE. Also discusses is whether or not BSE is truly effective or not. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

Common and Alternative Therapies in the Treatment of Breast Cancer

11 pages in length. Breast cancer has reached epidemic proportions in the United States. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women of all ages and the second leading cause of cancer death in women. This paper is an important discussion of the contemporary medical treatment of breast cancer. Also included is valuable information on alternative therapies including holistic therapy. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

Breast Cancer Prevention and Tomixfen Study

This 23 page report discusses a proposed study which was based on NSABP breast cancer prevention trial concluded last spring with outcomes approved by the FDA in September of 1998. The purpose of the study was to determine whether tamoxifen (brand name “Novaldex”) prevented breast cancer in women who have an increased risk of developing the disease. The clinical protocol (the action plan) for a trial after laboratory studies is an attempt to indicate the potential of tamoxifen as a preventive measure as opposed to only being used as a treatment. Bibliography lists 15 sources.

Common and Alternative Therapies in the Treatment of Breast Cancer

11 pages in length. Breast cancer has reached epidemic proportions in the United States. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women of all ages and the second leading cause of cancer death in women. This paper is an important discussion of the contemporary medical treatment of breast cancer. Also included is valuable information on alternative therapies including holistic therapy. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

About Breast Cancer

This 3 page paper discusses some of the aspects of breast cancer. Bibliography lists 3 sources

Causes of Cancer

This 5 page paper looks at possible causes of cancer. Cancer is discussed in a general sense. Certain cancers are noted specifically such as skin cancer, childhood cancers and breast cancer. Cancer clusters, power lines, and cell phones are all included as topics in light of new research. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

Rotating Night Shifts and Risk of Breast Cancer in Women Participating in the Nurses' Health Study

This 6 page paper provides an overview of an article on breast cancer and considers the impacts of rotating night shifts and breast cancer risk. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

Breast Cancer and Hormone Replacement Therapy

This 20 page report discusses the fact that postmenopausal estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) has been repeatedly linked with breast cancer. Some studies show no increased risk for breast cancer. Others suggest there may be a slight increased risk, while still others say that there is an increased risk, but that it is minimal and occurs only after ten or more years of use. Numerous research efforts that have shown that estrogen use is clearly connected to an increased risk of uterine, endometrial, and breast cancers. However, such factors must be weighed against the fact that estrogen significantly reduces a woman's chances of developing osteoporosis and can act as a defender against cardiovascular disease. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

Breast Cancer: Article Reviews

Written as a tutorial, this 5 page paper reviews three journal articles regarding breast cancer treatment. One article addresses the effects of adjuvant therapy; one addresses uncertainty experiences of women living with breast cancer after they have had treatment; and the last one looked at the ways women cope after being diagnosed and having had treatment. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

Breast Cancer / A Look At Family vs. Group Therapy Options

A 75 page in-depth research paper providing an overview of the current literature concerning breast cancer treatment and mental health. The writer supports the hypothesis that a greater level of psychosocial improvement can be demonstrated by breast cancer patients who receive group therapy over those who are participate in family therapy. Bibliography lists 36 sources.

Breast Cancer: Making A Difference

5 pages in length. The student will find that opportunities to educate oneself about the issues surrounding breast cancer are readily available via myriad formats, including books, periodicals, organizational pamphlets and reputable sites upon the Internet. Since the student had personal experience tending to a relative during her battle with breast cancer, a logical progression for this paper would be to learn about the counseling aspects available to help others through the same ordeal. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

The Effect of Raloxifene on Risk of Breast Cancer in Postmenopausal Women

This 5 page paper provides an overview of the problem of breast cancer, and the use of Raloxifene as a preventative measure for women at risk of breast cancer. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

Breast Cancer And Environmental Research Act Of 2001

This 6 page paper discusses H. R. 1723 / S. 830, also known as the Breast Cancer and Environmental Research Act of 2001. The paper offers an introduction, which explains the underlying reasons for the introduction of this bill. The major provisions of the bill are explained along with the benefits and impact such legislation would have. Data regarding incidence and deaths related to breast cancer are included. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

How The Concepts, Theories And Attitudes To The Treatment Of Breast Cancer Have Altered Since Time Began

This 10 page paper looks at the way breast cancer has been perceived in terms of causes and treatment. The paper starts wit the Ancient Egyptians and includes, but is not limited to the work of Hippocrates, Galen, Leonidus, Henry LeDran, Henry Arnott and William Halsted and brings the concepts of breast cancer into the modern day. The paper considers how the concepts theories and attitudes reflect the level of knowledge the beliefs and the values of the age in which they occur. The bibliography cites 15 sources.

Why African American Women Contract Breast Or Cervical Cancer More Than Any Other Ethnic Group

6 pages in length. That African American women are more likely to contract breast and/or cervical cancer is a well-documented fact. Overall, the comparison with Caucasian women reflects similar statistical findings nationwide for breast cancer, however, incidents of cervical cancer before age fifty are shown to be slightly higher than in their Caucasian counterparts. Where the figures really begin to divide by race, however, is when looking at the number of African American women actually die from breast or cervical cancer when compared to Caucasian women. Bibliography lists 17 sources.

Breast Cancer in Women

This 5 page paper considers several different aspects of breast cancer in women, including the social significance of the disease and how societal constructs have shaped the treatments used. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

The Impact of Nutrition on Breast Cancer and Cervical Cancer

A 5 page emphasis on the importance of nutrition in decreasing one's propensity for contracting these potentially fatal conditions. The literature suggests that even such potentially fatal diseases as cancer can be impacted by choices to which we subject our bodies. Our propensity to be stricken with breast cancer and cervical cancer, for example, are believed to be associated in part with very specific lifestyle choices. Each of these conditions is related to cellular reproduction and each can have direct ties to nutrition. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

Article critique/Food Choice & Breast Cancer Patients

A 6 page essay that summarizes and critiques a research article detailing the study conducted by Drewnowski, et al (1999) concerning food preferences among breast cancer patients. The writer then summarizes another research study that substantiates the findings of the first and offers two URLs that have graphs concerning fruit and vegetable consumption. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

Five Common Chemotherapeutic Agents: Cancer Treatments, Side Effects and Complications

This is a 15 page paper discussing five common chemotherapeutic agents in their treatment of cancer, their side effects and complications. Chemotherapeutic agents are used to interfere with the growth of cancer cells in an effort to destroy them. When studying the alkylating agents chlorambucil, thiotepa and carmustine and the antimetabolites fludarabine and floxuridine, it is has been found that although these chemotherapeutic agents are used in the treatment of various forms of cancer, they can also cause a great many side effects ranging from nausea, hair loss, bloody stools and urine, back and abdominal pain and even secondary cancer which may appear months or years after the administration of the treatment. Patients taking chemotherapeutic agents are also warned that they may cause birth defects during pregnancy or affect the children of mothers breast-feeding. Nevertheless, chemotherapeutic agents have been found to cure over 20 percent of new cancers diagnosed and with proper caution by the patient, physician and administering staff, the patient may overcome the cancer with this form of treatment. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

Early Detection of Breast Cancer

This 6 page report discusses breast cancer and an early intervention and public awareness campaign. Knowledge, as in most cases, is a powerful weapon. Knowledge, is the primary motivating factor for breast self-examination (BSE). Women must know if changes occur in their breasts and what those changes could mean. Also discussed is the appropriate channel of communication to be used to make the greatest impact for the targeted audience. Determining which will work best for encouraging women to practice BSE and other forms of early breast cancer detection, as well as for any other public health message, requires an understanding of the most basic characteristics of which channel of communication can be the most effective for this message. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

Inflammatory Breast Cancer

7 pages in length. Classified as "aggressive and difficult to treat" (Mayo Clinic, 2008), inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is different from what most people are familiar with in the form of symptoms and diagnosis. This more rapidly-forming type of breast cancer has moved up in prevalence over the years to the point where it is still categorized as rare but has begun to infiltrate the cancer community with greater pervasiveness than ever before, accounting for as much as six percent of all United States cancer diagnoses. With that increase in prevalence, however, has come a better formulation of treatments that have increased what once was a poor long-term survival rate (Mayo Clinic, 2008). Bibliography lists 7 sources.

Mammogram Screening for Breast Cancer

A 3 page paper providing a flow diagram of screening for breast cancer with mammography and discussing the problems of accuracy. Mammograms have been less able to detect masses in dense or fatty breasts. Digital mammography has been shown to increase detection in women under 50; CAD mammography is much more accurate now than in the past. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

Case Study/Breast Cancer

A 9 page research paper that, first of all, defines breast cancer and then discusses epidemiology, pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, risk factors and controversial risk factors. The writer then addresses various questions that pertain to a specific case study. Bibliography lists Bibliography lists 11 sources, but one reference citation is incomplete.

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Chapter One:  Hypothesis

The hypothesis section of any thesis or dissertation generally sets up the "problem" to ...
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Chapter Two:  Literature Review

Chapter 2, known as the Literature Review, is where most of a dissertation's sources ...
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Chapter Three:  Methodology

The layout of a dissertation's methodology section varies greatly depending upon the type of ...
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Chapter Four:  Discussion

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Chapter Five:  Conclusions

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Correct use of the APA style for the in-text citing of sources is often crucial to ...
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