Research Database

Three Scenarios on Teaching English

A 9 page research paper that is made up of three short essays. The topic covered are a proposed workshop to deal with prejudice of teachers against students who speak a dialect of English rather than standard English; a discussion of how learning to speak relates to learning to read and write and how the native language knowledge that a child has can be utilized in learning English; and a discussion of animals learning sign language and its implications. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

American Sign Language

This 8 page paper considers the nature of American Sign Language, the number of speakers, age of speakers and the structure of the language, including morphology. This paper considers how speakers of English might learn ASL. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

Rules Or Content: Which is Best?

A 3 page paper examining whether it is better to learn rules of grammar first or to have access to real meaning. The second language speaker may need to “unlearn” some wrong methods or violations of grammar rules, but having access to actual meaning allows the individual to communicate with native speakers of the language that is secondary to him. The bottom line is that the second language speaker needs knowledge both of the rules and of specific meaning, but gaining meaning first allows the second language speaker the ability to communicate while still learning the rules of navigation. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

Teaching English To Japanese

Learning the vocabulary of a new language requires learning its semantic and lexical systems. Vocabulary acquisition is an ongoing process in which semantic networks of related words must be constructed, communication signals must be acquired, and lexical phrases must be learned for use in specialized scripts. This 5 page essay looks at the problems encountered by a Japanese student learning English. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

Factors Leading Up to the Pequot/English War of 1637

An 8 page discussion of the war between the English and the Native American group known as the Pequot. Contends that the reasons behind this war were really quite simplistic. The first was the English desire for the land which the Pequot controlled. Equally important, however, was the English view of themselves as superior to the Native American people. The English war with the Pequot was indeed as much a reflection of the English intent to send a message of their military and cultural superiority to all Native Americans, people that they viewed as ungodly and savage creatures, and their desire to gain the resources of those people for their own colonists as it was any other factor. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

Patterns of Indian-European Interaction

A 7 page assessment of the contention “For both (European and Native Americans) survival and the enhancement of their own culture were the paramount objective” made by author Gary Nash in “Red, White, and Black: The Peoples of Early North America”. This paper illustrates the interaction between Native Americans and the French, Dutch, Spanish, and English to conclude that while there were certain differences in the manner in which each of these groups dealt with the Native Americans, the common goal was the decimation of the Native culture as a whole. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

Using Songs And Games In The ESL Classroom

This 5 page paper discusses the use of songs and games to teach English in the ESL classroom. The writer first provides a theoretical justification for using music to learn, in general, and to learn English, in particular. The essay then discusses the use of music for cognitive, affective and linguistic purposes. Finally, the writer reports some specific ideas on the use of songs and games for specific learning goals, such as vocabulary, phonetics, listening comprehension and more. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

Learning English / Difficulties And Challenges For Foreigners

5 pages in length. Children and adults of all ages and nationalities suffer the same difficulties and challenges when attempting to learn English as a second language. Having to learn to communicate in a foreign country is not only complex and troublesome, but it is also quite an involved process. The writer discusses the inherent difficulties and challenges that plague foreigners trying to learn English. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

Teaching English as a Foreign Language in Canada

A 15 page paper discussing some of the problems of teaching English writing to foreign-born students. Much of the EFL teaching of the past in both Canada and the US has been that of adapting everything but the native language to the conventions of the West, without regard for the vast cultural differences either in methods of learning or in idiomatic usage of the language. Students of the past have started at a far greater disadvantage than of just language, but the focus of Canada's EFL studies as they apply to learning English writing give the international student a much greater chance of success. The globalization of both economy and communications through the Internet aids in that focus on the individual, and the result is that all involved benefit from the changes at work even today. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

Contemporary Native American Concerns: Health, Sovereignty, and Leadership

A 6 page discussion of the many problems facing contemporary Native Americans. Traces these problems back to the initial contact with the European people who invaded Native land. Asserts that everything from the ravages of disease on modern Native Americans to struggles over land rights and the right to independent government can be related to the demands and expectations of non-Native groups who now predominate North America. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

Beginning SEI Approaches

A 4 page research paper on Structured English Immersion (SEI), which is a methodology for teaching Second Language Learners (ESLs) in which instruction is designed to be at the "learner's readiness level," with teachers speaking in English between 70 and 90 percent of the time (Rodriguez and Higgins, 2005, p. 236). Baker (1998) points out that SEI is not the equivalent of an All-English approach, as the students' native language is used to a limited extent. Supporters of SEI assert that students are capable of learning "English and non-language subjects taught in English" at a desirable level of assimilation simultaneously (Rodriguez and Higgins, 2005). This examination of SEI instruction describes three approaches that are applicable to the needs of beginning students. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

Critical Comparison Of English Language Teaching Methodologies

6 pages in length. Understanding the inherent difference between and among teaching methods equates to a system that reaches all types of learners. Teaching English as a Second Language (ESL) to those who speak another native tongue has long been a challenge for Australia's educational system, all too often fraught with application struggles that ultimately compromise the end result for the individual trying to learn the new and very complicated language. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

Bilingual Education/ESL is Best

A 5 page research paper that discusses the superiority of ESL instruction in bilingual education over a bilingual approach that makes use of the student's native language in the process of learning English. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

Cooperative Groups For Non-Native English Speakers

5 pages in length. The writer discusses the positive impact of cooperative learning upon non-native English speaking students. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

The Role of First Language in Second Language Acquisition

This 11 page paper examines the role of first language in second language acquisition. The paper considers the way that the level of proficiency and use of a native language will impact on the acquisition of the second language, for example, the way the development and use of a langue such as Spanish or Japanese will impact on the ability to learn English. The paper looks at the research which has taken place bringing together a range of studies to assess the scope and scale of the influence. The bibliography cites 17 sources.

Formulating an ESL Theory

A 10 page research paper that discussing ESL instruction. The field of “teaching English to speakers of other languages (TESOL)” brings together individuals from diverse backgrounds to exchange knowledge on the topics of “teaching, learning and research” (Kubota and Lin, 2006, p. 171). This is an extremely complex field, and one fascinating aspect of this field is how various environmental and physiological factors affect second language learning. This examination of literature attempts to formulate a theory that can be utilized in relation to teaching English as a second language (ESL). Bibliography lists 9 sources.

Greed: The Underlying Motivation for European/Native American Interaction

A 5 page consideration of the motivations that characterized the early interactions between Native Americans and the Europeans that invaded their shores. European peoples not only took advantage of Native Americans but committed one atrocity after another in their attempts to prosper from them. The Native Americans, though initially deceived by the Europeans, quickly learned the lesson that these people were there only out of concern for their own gain. No sources are listed.

Addressing Learning Disabilities and ELLs at St. Monica School

A 7 page paper assessing current LD and ELL programs at St. Monica School in Chicago, a private, Catholic elementary school (through eighth grade) with 429 students. The characteristics of the surrounding neighborhoods are though the area still is overwhelmingly white, the Hispanic population doubled between the 1990 census and 2000 census. The school has learning-disabled (LD) students, and it is gaining a greater population of those needing English instruction as a second language. The purpose here is to assess the programs that exist and to make recommendations for the future. Recommendations include securing a native speaker for Spanish; more closely assessing ELLs' progress and creating partnerships with parents. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

Presentation on Experiencing Experiential Learning

This 16 page paper is a 14 slide PowerPoint presentation with accompanying speaker notes, presenting experiences with experiential learning. The presentation starts by looking at the concepts of single and double loop learning and examples of real life learning experiences. The presentation continues by looking at the role of reflective learning, along with the advantages and disadvantages using it in business. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

The Conflict Between Native Americans and the English Colonists in the Seventeenth Century

An 8 page overview of the conflict which erupted between the English colonists and the Native inhabitants of the Americas. The arrival of the Pilgrims and the Puritans to the Americans would prove the beginning of an insurmountable blow to the Native American peoples who inhabited the continent. This blow would waft across the entire east coast of the Americas in just a few short years. In its sometimes bloody and violent wake would lie a devastated people, the Native Americans. The stories which would unfold, although differing somewhat between the north and the south, would be essentially the same. The English wanted what it was that the Native American had and they were willing to kill to get it. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

Devising a Method for Researching TESOL in Japan

A 20 page paper addressing researching the state of English instruction in Japan. The Japanese are said to have greater difficulty in acquiring a working knowledge of English, but indications are that cultural issues may lead passive and active resistance to English acquisition. The purpose here is to devise a study of the effectiveness of Teaching of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) in Japan, keeping cultural considerations uppermost in the design of the study. The paper includes a literature review that discusses the cultural issues of imposing English on the Japanese, despite recommendations that English become Japan's second official language in 2002. Half of the paper is devoted to considerations for developing a survey instrument that will produce statistically significant and unbiased results. Bibliography lists 33 sources.

English Language Learners (ELL): Families And School

5 pages in length. Acquiring a well-rounded education a enough of a challenge when students speak the common language of a particular society, however, when students know their tongues from another country, it presents significant problems with their ability to learn without benefit of understanding the primary language. English Language Learners (ELLs) face this struggle on a daily basis for two main reasons: schools are not adequately equipped to reach and teach this particular population of special needs students and family at home often speaks their native language which leaves precious little opportunity for the students to improve upon their English. Even if it is a bilingual home, this only serves to encourage code-switching. Moreover, foreign culture often teaches children not to question authority, which leaves an ELL student without means to help himself. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

Teaching Reading to At Risk Students

Teaching reading can be a difficult process for primary educators and Special Education educators alike. But the problem of teaching reading is compounded for at-risk populations, which include children with emotional and social disorders, individuals in impoverished communities and children who are speakers of other languages (SOLs). This 17 page paper considers the problem of instructing at-risk students with a particular focus on reading instruction. This paper also considers the issues that stem from children with minimal English proficiency, specific language impairments, and emotional and psychological disorders as these impact the process of learning to read. Bibliography lists 16 sources.

Problem Statement, Research Objectives, Conclusion, Recommendations and Further Research Slides for Research on The Alignment of Learning Organization Characteristics and Readiness for Change

This 7 page paper is a set of 5 slides and accompanying speaker notes presenting aspects of a research project to assess the alignment between learning organization characteristics and readiness for change. The slides look at the problem statement, the research objectives, conclusion, recommendations and consideration of the limitations of the research as well as the way future research may take place.

Schema-Based Learning

The ability to solve word problems in mathematical context requires both logic and abstract thinking. Students with learning disabilities are less able than the average student to comprehend and negotiate the intricacies of word problems. As the students move from elementary to secondary grades, the gap between them and their normally achieving peers may widen This 7 page paper explores different aspects of teaching middle school students with learning disabilities to solve word problems by using schema based learning techniques. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

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Chapter One:  Hypothesis

The hypothesis section of any thesis or dissertation generally sets up the "problem" to ...
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Chapter Two:  Literature Review

Chapter 2, known as the Literature Review, is where most of a dissertation's sources ...
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Chapter Three:  Methodology

The layout of a dissertation's methodology section varies greatly depending upon the type of ...
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Chapter Four:  Discussion

In Chapter 4, the "Discussion" section, students must perform a critical analysis of their study's ...
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Chapter Five:  Conclusions

Many consider the fifth & final chapter of the dissertation or thesis to be its most important ...
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Bibliography

Correct use of the APA style for the in-text citing of sources is often crucial to ...
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