Research Database

Three Scenarios on Teaching English

A 9 page research paper that is made up of three short essays. The topic covered are a proposed workshop to deal with prejudice of teachers against students who speak a dialect of English rather than standard English; a discussion of how learning to speak relates to learning to read and write and how the native language knowledge that a child has can be utilized in learning English; and a discussion of animals learning sign language and its implications. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

Teaching English To Japanese

Learning the vocabulary of a new language requires learning its semantic and lexical systems. Vocabulary acquisition is an ongoing process in which semantic networks of related words must be constructed, communication signals must be acquired, and lexical phrases must be learned for use in specialized scripts. This 5 page essay looks at the problems encountered by a Japanese student learning English. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

English Language Learner and Dyslexia

A 5 page paper which examines the similarities and differences between an English Language Learner and a dyslexic student, how teachers can distinguish between a language problem and dyslexia and considers the factors involved in being dyslexic and learning a language. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

English As A Second Language: Summary And Reaction For High School Students

5 pages in length. Learning English as a second language represents a conquerable challenge for many foreigners; while it may prove somewhat difficult along the way, these individuals are culturally, economically and emotionally ready and able to acquire this secondary language as a means by which to better their existence. For Juan, however, it was an entirely different matter. The writer discusses the shortcomings of America's English as a Second Language courses. Bibliography lists 1 source.

Learning English / Difficulties And Challenges For Foreigners

5 pages in length. Children and adults of all ages and nationalities suffer the same difficulties and challenges when attempting to learn English as a second language. Having to learn to communicate in a foreign country is not only complex and troublesome, but it is also quite an involved process. The writer discusses the inherent difficulties and challenges that plague foreigners trying to learn English. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

English as a Second Language

10 pages. English as a second language is difficult to learn. Through good teachers and various study methods however, students can learn to use and distinguish synonyms that are not interchangeable in all contexts. The importance of learning as many vocabulary words as possible is important as the depth and breadth of the English language is incredible. The learning and teaching of this language certainly requires a teacher who knows what he or she is doing and shows an interest in teaching the student beyond the basic survival concept of the language. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

Ethnic Minorities & Identification of Learning Disabilities

Evaluating language disorders and learning disabilities is problematic for many educators, especially within the scope of changing student populations. As increasing ethnic diversity becomes a significant component of urban regions, the question of language performance, academic success, learning capabilities and language disorders have all some into play when evaluating the capacity of Hispanic individuals and differentiating between language disorder and language inability. This 3 page paper considers the scope of this problem, especially as it relates to application for special educators. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

Language Acquisition/Production

A 3 page research paper that explores topics concerning second language acquisition and specifically learning English as a second language. The writer discusses how language is acquired in infancy, structure of language and acquisition of second language. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

Programs For English Language Learners

This 10 page paper begins by identifying and describing several types of programs being used to teach English-language learners. The writer reports which programs have been found to be most effective at different grade levels. The writer also comments on the effect of the affective filter and using technology in the English language learning classrooms. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

ESL & Haitian Students In A Multicultural Classroom

A 10 page paper that discusses teaching English as a second language to Haitian students in a multicultural classroom. Explores the pros and cons of teaching English as a second language, cultural awareness, practicing cultural sensitivity in order to help the students learn, and various techniques for teaching ESL. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

Issues in Language Acquisition

This 7 page paper explores the concepts surrounding the acquisition of language including the debate surrounding learning English as a second language. Additionally, perspectives of notable theorists such as Austin and Hymes are included. A discussion on how language impacts social action and communication as well as the necessity to have a dominant language is the focus of the paper. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

ESL Curriculum and Its Development

A 7 page research paper that examines the curriculum needs of students who are learning English as a second language (ESL). The writer demonstrates that ESL instruction needs to encompass more then just English instruction. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

SCHOLARLY ARTICLE REVIEW: ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE

This 4-page paper reviews three articles concerning English language learners. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

The Role of First Language in Second Language Acquisition

This 11 page paper examines the role of first language in second language acquisition. The paper considers the way that the level of proficiency and use of a native language will impact on the acquisition of the second language, for example, the way the development and use of a langue such as Spanish or Japanese will impact on the ability to learn English. The paper looks at the research which has taken place bringing together a range of studies to assess the scope and scale of the influence. The bibliography cites 17 sources.

The Impact Of Learning Styles And Strategies On Second Language Acquisition

4 pages in length. Learning a second language is often a culturally and emotionally challenging undertaking, particularly for those who reside within the foreign country where this second language acquisition is inextricably associated with one's economic and cultural wellbeing. The learning styles and strategies taken to teach these non-English speaking individuals – particularly for children at the school level – has many times left students without appropriate skills. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

History of the English Language

An 8 page paper which discusses four different types of the English language. From Old English to present day English, a particular test from Matthew, in the Bible, is presented to assist in understanding the evolutionary phase of the language. Also discussed are historical occurrences which likely helped to change the English language. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

Teaching English as a Foreign Language in Canada

A 15 page paper discussing some of the problems of teaching English writing to foreign-born students. Much of the EFL teaching of the past in both Canada and the US has been that of adapting everything but the native language to the conventions of the West, without regard for the vast cultural differences either in methods of learning or in idiomatic usage of the language. Students of the past have started at a far greater disadvantage than of just language, but the focus of Canada's EFL studies as they apply to learning English writing give the international student a much greater chance of success. The globalization of both economy and communications through the Internet aids in that focus on the individual, and the result is that all involved benefit from the changes at work even today. Bibliography lists 13 sources.

Second Language Acquisition in the Global Environment

This 5 page paper provides an overview of issues in ESL instruction. In recent years, a focus on global development and the progression of language skills has been at the heart of English as a Second Language instruction. Theorists like Jim Cummins have argued that modern language instruction models must demonstrate an understanding of multiculturalism, especially in addressing language learning for adult learner populations. The following is a critique of the article ESL in the Academy Today, by Vandrick, Messerschmitt and Hafernick (1996). This article relates the concept of English language learning and the approaches that are currently being utilized in American educational institutions. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

Beginning SEI Approaches

A 4 page research paper on Structured English Immersion (SEI), which is a methodology for teaching Second Language Learners (ESLs) in which instruction is designed to be at the "learner's readiness level," with teachers speaking in English between 70 and 90 percent of the time (Rodriguez and Higgins, 2005, p. 236). Baker (1998) points out that SEI is not the equivalent of an All-English approach, as the students' native language is used to a limited extent. Supporters of SEI assert that students are capable of learning "English and non-language subjects taught in English" at a desirable level of assimilation simultaneously (Rodriguez and Higgins, 2005). This examination of SEI instruction describes three approaches that are applicable to the needs of beginning students. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

English Language Learners (ELL): Families And School

5 pages in length. Acquiring a well-rounded education a enough of a challenge when students speak the common language of a particular society, however, when students know their tongues from another country, it presents significant problems with their ability to learn without benefit of understanding the primary language. English Language Learners (ELLs) face this struggle on a daily basis for two main reasons: schools are not adequately equipped to reach and teach this particular population of special needs students and family at home often speaks their native language which leaves precious little opportunity for the students to improve upon their English. Even if it is a bilingual home, this only serves to encourage code-switching. Moreover, foreign culture often teaches children not to question authority, which leaves an ELL student without means to help himself. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

Psychological Impact Of Adult Second Language Learning

A 4 page paper that discusses the psychological and emotional effects of adults learning a second language. Affect and emotion have been left out of most discussions of second language learning but they are very important because they affect motivation. Adults learning another language begin with at least three types of anxiety which will wane throughout the course. This essay discusses these emotions and reports the many benefits of adults learning a second language. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

Susan Madera/One Voice

A 3 page reaction paper to an essay by Susan Madera, "One Voice," on learning standard English. Madera records how the language of her upbringing and youth, her "neighborhood" language, differs from standard English and how this placed her outside of mainstream society. There has been a great deal written concerning racial prejudice and the issue of using standard English. Madera's insightful essay shows that there is considerable prejudice towards users of non-standard language, regardless of race and that the use of standard English acts as a gatekeeper to mainstream society. Bibliography lists 3 sources (but is incomplete).

Influence of Black English on Standard English

In 5 pages the author discusses the influence of Black English on standard English and posits that Black English destroys the structure of standard English. Black English is not a standard form of English. It is more of a mispronunciation than a language. Although some rely on Black English, it is not the proper way to speak. Black English is also not Ebonics. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

Teaching English as a Foreign Language

A 15 page research paper that specifically addresses the needs of Portuguese-speaking students who are learning English as a foreign language (EFL). However, while the paper does compare Portuguese and English, it also addresses the needs of EFL students in general. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

Naming Difficulties in Children with Dyslexia

Faust, Dimitrovsky and Shacht (2003), in their article Naming Difficulties in Children with Dyslexia, relate the fact that children with learning disabilities, especially dyslexia, may in fact have a language processing problem that can be assessed, in an effort at developing better approaches to language learning. This 5 page paper provides an overview of the issue presented and relates it to the current literature. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

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Chapter One:  Hypothesis

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Chapter Two:  Literature Review

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Chapter Three:  Methodology

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Chapter Four:  Discussion

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Chapter Five:  Conclusions

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Bibliography

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