Research Database

Support Groups / Mentally Retarded Adults & Their Parents

A 5 page research paper that discusses the need for and benefits of support groups for mentally retarded or developmentally disabled adults. Discussion of the benefits of the same sort of support group for parents of adult children with developmental disabilities is also offered. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

Mental Retardation

A 10 page research paper on mental retardation. The writer details retardation's definition, causes, etc; Also discussed are some of the negative ways in which the mentally retarded and have been treated, poorly cared for, and misunderstood throughout history. Recent discoveries in motivating & teaching retarded children are discussed as are some possible implications of experimental research being conducted. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

Medication Aides/Self-Administered Medication

A 7 page research paper that examines one specific area of medication administration that could be included in a course of study designed by a licensed registered nurse (RN) instructor for teaching Medication Aides. This research specifically addresses monitoring the self-administration of medication by mentally retarded clients and discusses what material should be included in a project designed to prepare Medication Aides for the task of effectively teaching mentally-retarded clients to self-administer their medication. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

Federal Definition of Learning Disabilities: Included and Excluded Characteristics

This is a 5 page paper discussing the federal definition of learning disabilities, the characteristics and the exclusions. While the federal definition of learning disabilities has allowed for the labeling of children with learning disabilities to obtain services and support in the educational system, the definition also allows for the exclusion of some children who need services and who many believe are learning disabled because of their disorders. Several characteristics of the definition rely on performance discrepancies based on aptitude-achievement testing which vary from state to state. In addition, several disorders such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and several emotional and behavioral disorders are excluded but educators and researchers believe impair academic performance. In other instances, many children who would be state labeled as mentally retarded are often labeled by the school boards as learning disabled because of reluctance to label children as mentally retarded based on controversial definitions. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

Mental Retardation

A 3 page paper that begins with a definition and explanation of intelligence and the difficulties of assessing mentally retarded children in the classroom. The second section discusses the characteristics a teacher would observe and what qualifies a child for special education. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

"Retarded Isn’t Stupid, Mom!" by Sandra Z. Kaufman

A 5 page paper which examines the key ideas and the biases associated with mentally-disabled children in Sandra Z. Kaufman’s book, "Retarded Isn’t Stupid, Mom!"

Children From Single Parent Homes Do Well

A 4 page paper. The literature posits that by the age of 15, almost half of American children will have lived in a single-parent family. This essay takes the position that children raised in single parent homes are not doomed to failure. In fact, the outcomes for most of these children are as good as they are for children living in nuclear families. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

Treatment of the Mentally Ill

This 3 page paper examines the success of programs in Geel, Belgium in respect to the treatment of the retarded and mentally ill. How American society can change to better care for its mentally ill population is examined. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

Mentally Retarded, Juvenile Delinquents

A 5 page research essay exploring incidence of crimes among retarded adolescents. The reasons for retarded adolescents becoming involved in criminal behavior and the likelihood of their getting caught are among the many things discussed. Misunderstandings can occur easily between the police official and the retarded adolescent for numerous reasons, one of which is that officials have little, if any, training in interviewing mentally retarded people and another is that the retarded adolescent odten does not reveal his or her condition to the police officer. Bibliography included.

The Effect of Parent Presence on Child Development

A 5 page paper discussing whether it is better for children to be at home with parents rather than being in daycare while both parents work. Children of single parents have little option, but more information is emerging with current research indicating that while there is little difference in observed development in the early years, years with full time parents contribute more to the life-long well being of the child than had ever been considered. Full time parenting gives children a grounding that no second income can hope to match. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

Childcare: The Government Should Provide More Financial Assistance

5 pages in length. Today's typical family is made up of two working parents and a child or two in either the public or private school system. If those children are old enough to tend to their own personal daily needs, the pressure is significantly reduced from the parents' long list of responsibilities; however, if even one happens to be too young for school, he or she requires round-the-clock supervision that the two busy parents just cannot provide. This is where childcare comes in, offering supervised sessions that are educational, socially productive and mentally stimulating. While this option is ideal for parents, it also presents a significant financial strain for many who are already on a tight budget. With more government assistance, parents would be better able to provide adequate childcare during their workday, as well as have the peace of mind that the child is receiving the necessary mental, physical and emotional stimulation so critical to the formative years. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

How Films and Literature Affect Perceptions and Attitudes Towards Disabilities

An 8 page paper which examines how films and literature have affected and influenced our perceptions about persons with disabilities. There are several films discussed, including 'The Miracle Worker,' 'What’s Eating Gilbert Grape' and 'Children of a Lesser God,' as well as Sandra Z. Kaufman’s book based on her daughter Nicole’s disabilities, 'Retarded Isn’t Stupid, Mom!' Bibliography lists 4 sources.

Mental Retardation / "Cloak of Competence" by Robert Edgerton

A 7 page paper the provides an overview of a study conducted by the researchers through the Pacific Hospital on the outcomes of released mentally retarded patients. Edgerton utilized case studies and interviews to present a comprehensive look at the impact of release on the patients, and their ability to adapt to life on the outside.

Juvenile Delinquency: The Fault of the Parent?

An 8 page overview of the role of the parent in child conduct. Emphasizes that while a child’s interaction with his or her parent is pivotal to determining conduct, this interaction is only one factor of many. Utilizes current research on juvenile behavior to conclude that while parents are obviously responsible to some degree for the actions of their children, there is a point in time in any parental situation where a parent’s influence loses out to that of peers or society in general. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

Single Parent Households and Their Effect on Children

7 pages in length. This paper takes a look at the subtle but distinct difference when one compares the lives of children raised in a two-parent household versus those raised in a single parent household. While many people feel that children are resilient and that the loss of one parent from the family unit can be overcome, studies have shown that the effects of being raised by one parent do make a difference in most children. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

Children and Death

A 5 page paper which addresses various aspects of death that involve children. This is done with the help of the book “Death, Mourning, and Caring” by Robert Marrone. The issues addressed are the perceptions children have in regards to death, how they see death in association with parents, siblings, and pets, teenage suicide, how adults perceive the death of a child, and different phrases and phases that relate to the subject at hand. No additional sources cited.

Soldier’s Home/Krebs and Passivity

A 3 page essay that examines Ernest Hemingway’s protagonist in his short story “Soldier’s Home,” Harold Krebs, a young man who has been traumatized by his wartime experience. He returns home physically to a small town in Oklahoma only to discover that he can no longer return home mentally. He no longer fits in. His parents expect him to pick up the threads of his life precisely where he left off; in other words, to be unchanged. Mentally scarred, Harold just wants to be left alone and feels totally passive towards his environment. Hemingway’s story explores the extent and boundaries of Harold’s passivity, as he dramatizes the fact that Harold, while passive, comes to a point where he can no longer even pretend that he is unchanged, which means he must leave his parents and family in order to maintain his own identity. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

Legal Responsibilities Towards Children

This 4 page paper examines the responsibilities of parents and those with parental responsibility, such as local authorities when looking after a child under a care order, towards the children they care for. This paper considers what responsibilities exist and how far they stretch. The paper is written relating to English law. The bibliography cites 7 sources.

Academic Achievement and Children from Single or Two-Parent Homes

This 10 page report discusses the differences that exist in academic achievement of children from a single parent home and those from homes in which two parents are present. Convincing arguments have been made for all sides of the question. In fact, there are those researchers who believe that it is not possible to accurately determine a child’s academic progress or capability based on just the issue of whether they are from one- or two-parent family homes. For example questions should be asked about socio-economic status, whether the child has a meaningful and positive relationship with the parent living outside the home, and if the child’s parent has never been married, has been widowed rather than divorced, and whether or not one of the parents is a step-parent. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

Dual Income Households

This 5 page paper argues that the effects on children in a two income household where both parents work is not known; however, studies indicate that the repercussions of two working parents is centered on the condition of the parent, child relationship when the parents are at home. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

Accountability and Parent

A 5 page paper which addresses whether parents or the schools should be accountable for the education of children. In this respect the paper focuses on accountability as it involves single parents, whether they have adequate parenting skills, and whether the schools are expected to be more accountable for the children of single parents. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

Parent Involvement in Education

An 8 page paper which evaluates the importance of parent and community involvement in issues of education as they relate to the children. Various examples of programs being implemented around the country are illustrated. Much of these programs utilize computers in combination with community and parent involvement. The argument is presented that parent and community involvement is essential to the education of a child for it provides the child with the knowledge that they are worthwhile and noticed. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

Social Causes of Child Abuse

This 9 page paper addresses the social causes of child abuse by examining three case studies provided by a student. Here, several situations are examined. One includes a mentally ill mother, another an alcoholic parent and the third depicts a father who is sexually abusing a daughter. Several social problems are discussed including mental illness, divorce, pedophilia and alcoholism. Appropriate treatment is recommended in all three cases. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

Social Causes of Child Abuse

This 9 page paper addresses the social causes of child abuse by examining three case studies provided by a student. Here, several situations are examined. One includes a mentally ill mother, another an alcoholic parent and the third depicts a father who is sexually abusing a daughter. Several social problems are discussed including mental illness, divorce, pedophilia and alcoholism. Appropriate treatment is recommended in all three cases. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

Group Counseling / People with Developmental Disabilities

A 5 page research paper exploring the benefits of group counseling of persons who are mentally retarded. There are very few studies to be found in the literature because this approach has historically been ignored for this population. Research does, however, point to the benefits of group counseling. Bibliography lists 11 sources.

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